Summary 12.2: population patterns

Main Idea:

Western Europe’s population patterns have been shaped by physical geography, migration and world events. Europe is one of the worlds smallest but most populous regions. Western Europe has long been a place of migrations, as it is today.

 

The People:

  • Western Europeans can trace their roots to the earliest migrants
    • Ex. France, The Netherlands, Belgium and Switzerland are made up of 2 or more ethnicities that have blended over the centuries
    • Switzerland’s three official languages—German, French, and Italian—reflect different cultures that have shaped the country
    • Germany and Austria were once nearly ethnically homogeneous, today different ethnic groups live in both countries
    • France has attracted many immigrants, especially Muslims from Algeria and Morocco.
    • Early 1950’s, Germany began inviting guest workers—foreigners who work on a temporary basis in a country other than ones in which they are citizens- to be part of its workface in order to encourage the countries economic growth.

 

Density and Distribution:

  • Western Europe is densely populated, with most people in urban areas.
  • Manufacturing and trade, plus farmland, have supported a large population for hundreds of years
  • Most populous country is Germany with 82 million people and a population density of about 609 per square mile
  • France includes several different population centers including Paris and the Mediterranean coast
  • Netherlands and Belgium= two highest population densities
  • Migration in Europe consists of people moving to urban areas
  • Suburbanization—people move from large cities to nearby suburbs—is common
  • In these newly settled areas Middle—class and working—class find more affordable houses
  • Since WW2, immigration has led to urban growth
  • Immigrants/guest workers have flocked to cities for new opportunities
  • Germany/Belgium have sizable number of guest workers
  • Has some of the worlds most famous cities—crossroads of European culture that have thrived for generations.
  • Paris
    • Frances capital
    • Cultural and economic center
    • Brussels
      • Commercial center for the European Union.
    • Amsterdam
      • Capital of the Netherlands
      • Known for its centuries old canals, its art and its atmosphere of tolerance

Boehm, Richard. World Geography and Cultures. Columbus, Ohio: McGraw-Hill, 2011. Print.

“map of western europe.” Photograph. Europe e maps.com. np, n.d. Web. January 19, 2012.

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This entry was written by smusallam4ecspress and published on January 20, 2012 at 12:33 am. It’s filed under Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink. Follow any comments here with the RSS feed for this post.

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