Earthquakes in Italy, Greece, and Macedonia prove that tectonic changes occur today. People in souhern Europe also deal with low rainfall, creating the need for dry farming, or a way of farming in dry areas that produces crops without any irrigation and relies on farming methods that conserve soil moisture.
Heavy rains cause widespread flooding and mud slides, leading to loss of life, property damage, and disruption of transportation networks. Some scientists believe it is because of natural climate cycle, others say its because of global warming. Countries that border the sea experience violent storms. In 1953, a severe storm hit the Netherlands, flooding it and killing about 1800 people. Because of this, engineers created the Delta Plan, a project to prevent such severe flooding, which helped create a system of dams and dikes.
Humans’ repeated misuses of soil, such as over-farming, bad farming practices, removing too much vegetation, and organizing of livestock, has led to soil erosion. This is a serious problem in the Mediterranean basin, affecting the higly populated coastlines. Scientists have conducted studies to learn about the issue. Forest destruction is one reason for soil erosion.
About 80 percent of Europe was once covered in trees, and two thirds of this has been removed over time. People removed trees to create cities and farms. The healthiest forests today are found in northern Europe. Many countries have began reforestation, while others have taken steps to manage the cutting of trees responsibly.
Boehm, Richard G. World Geography and Cultures. Columbus, Ohio: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, 2012. Print.
“deforestation-jpg.” Photograph. Save the Forest. The Forest Save. Web. 25 January 2012.