Top 10 Physical Features of Sub-Saharan Africa

10. Zambezi River

The Zambezi River flows 2,200 miles from its source the Zambia-Angola.  This river meets the ocean in a delta. The course of the river is interrupted by a series of waterfalls.

9. Ruwenzori Mountains

This mountain range divides Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Sometimes called the “mountains of the moon”, it is covered with snow and masked in clouds.

8. Congo River

This is the river that has deep estuary, which allows ship to navigate through.  The Congo also has a large network of navigable waterways for smaller boats, But some parts of the river has rapids and waterfalls.

7. Lake Chad

Although it is fed by three streams, Lake Chad is a landlocked lake facing possible extinction. Droughts in the 1970s dried up the northern part, and the climate causes much of the water to evaporate or seep into the ground. Other factors include global warming, irrigation, and desertification.

6. The Great Rift Valley

The Great Rift Valley stretches from Syria in the southwest Asia to Mozambique in the southeastern part of Africa. A rift valley is a large depression in the earth’s surface formed by shifting tectonic plates. Faults are fractures in the earth’s crust within the Great Rift Valley which were created by the movement of plates.

5. Lake Victoria

This is the largest lake in Africa and is located between the eastern and western portions of the Great Rift Valley.  This is the source of the White Nile.  This is also the source of the Victoria Falls, which falls 355 feet.

4. Lake Tanganyika

Lake Tanganyika is one of the deepest and longest fresh water lakes in the world that lies on the western branch. This is an African Great Lake. It is estimated to be the second largest freshwater lake in the world by volume, and the second deepest.

3. Lake Volta

Lake Volta in West Africa ranks among the largest human-made lakes in the world, created in the 1960s. The new lake flooded more than 700 villages; this forced more than 70,000 people to find new homes. The people of Ghana benefit from this lake in many ways such as irrigation for farming and it is well stocked with fish.

2. Niger River

The Niger is the main route in western Africa, used for trade and agriculture. It begins in the highlands of Guinea and flows northeast, then curves southeast towards the Nigerian coast. At Aboh, it divides into an inland delta.

1. Sahara

The Sahara is the world’s largest desert, stretching across almost all of Africa due to recent droughts. It is hot in the summer and relatively cold in the winter. It influences the lives of everyone living in Africa.


“Sahara.” Photograph. Travel and Tourism. Np, n.d. Web. March 5, 2012.

“Great rift valley.” Photograph. African experience. Np, n.d. Web. March 5, 2012.

“Rwenzori mountains.” Photograph. Satellite imaging corporation. Np, n.d. Web March 5, 2012

“Lake Volta.” Photograph. Panoramio. Np, n.d. Web. March 5, 2012.

“Lake Victoria.” Photograph. Uncharted Tanzania. Np, n.d. Web. March 5, 2012.

“Niger river.” Photograph. Skyscrapercity. Np, n.d. Web. March 5, 2012.

“Lake Chad.” Photograph. Sutmundo. Np, n.d. Web. March 5, 2012.

“Zambezi.” Photograph. Np, n.d. Web. March 5, 2012.

“Lake Tanganyika.” Photograph. Officeoflegislativeandpublicaffairs. Np, n.d. Web. March 5, 2012.

“Congo river.” Photograph. Free-extras. Np, n.d. Web. March 5, 2012.

“Map of Africa.” Photograph. Np, n.d. Web. March 5, 2012.

This entry was written by jhurst4ecspress and published on March 5, 2012 at 3:18 pm. It’s filed under Uncategorized. Bookmark the permalink. Follow any comments here with the RSS feed for this post.

One thought on “Top 10 Physical Features of Sub-Saharan Africa

  1. Pingback: Africa’s Physical Geography « ECS Geography

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